The TrakChain project was part of Miguel L. Pardal's PhD,
started in 2008 and
concluded in 2014,
advised by Prof. José Alves Marques
(Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa) and
by Prof. Sanjay Sarma (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA).
The research is aligned with GS1 normalization efforts on discovery services and event-based traceability.